Around 40 per cent brick industries shut across the country 

Livelihoods are at risk if the problems are not remedied

Chitwan, 28 January (RSS): 
Almost 40 per cent of brick kilns operated across the country have been shut down due to the effects of COVID-19. The brick industries have come to a closure for not being able to bring skilled Indian workers because of the prevalence of life-threatening coronavirus.
Brick entrepreneurs have remained discouraged towards resuming their business due to sharp fall in the demand of brick with the private and public construction works coming to a halt.
Chairperson of Federation of Nepal Brick Industries Mahendra Bahadur Chitrakar said the brick entrepreneurs have lost billions of rupees due to multiple effects of coronavirus. “The business has come across a hiccup owing to the effects of coronavirus during brick manufacturing time”.
Chitrakar further said, “Almost 40 percent brick industries are closed now. Even those operating are not manufacturing in a full-fledged capacity”. He complained that the entrepreneurs are upset with increasing loan amounts coupled with no manufacturing activities.
Though brick industries are self-reliant, there is still a situation to rely on Indian labourers for manufacturing works. If the last year data is something to go by, there were 66 percent workers from India. “There used to be 200,000 Indians out of 300,000 workers in this sector”, he said, adding that unavailability of skilled Indian workers and short of investment capital are among the causes behind the inability of resuming the business. There is a disappointing situation that the bricks produced are not being supplied in the market, Chitrakar went on saying.
The first vice-chairperson of the Federation Narayan Sapkota said that there has been no demand of bricks in the market. The business is quite risky as it has to be dependent on the season. “Many brick entrepreneurs are not in a condition to resume their business due to threats posed by COVID-19”.
According to the Federation’s data, annually three billion pieces of bricks were produced in Nepal during normal times. There are 1,800 industries across the country.
Sapkota further said that the old entrepreneurs are still paying high-interest rates which has put them under pressure. The entrepreneurs are compelled to pay land rents and look after the livelihood of the employees. “The entrepreneurs are compelled to pay back loan by selling land”.
According to brick entrepreneurs, they have mobilized their investment ranging from Rs 10 million to Rs 150 million. Sapkota further noted that the brick enterprises have been adversely affected with the local levels creating hurdles in importing soil, charging high taxes and unnecessarily complaining of pollution. However, in recent years, entrepreneurs have been manufacturing bricks by setting up pollution-free chimneys.
Only two out of 18 brick industries of Chitwan are hardly operating now, shared Iswori Pandit, proprietor of Khanal Brick Industry based in Khairahani of Chitwan. He complained that the industries have not been able to operate their manufacturing business since 24 March 2020. “The self-sufficient brick manufacturing business would plunged into crisis if the government did not come up with measures to boost its confidence”, he added.
Brick entrepreneurs of 33 districts are associated to the Federation. Rautahat district has recorded the highest number of 160 brick industries in Nepal.


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