UK agrees mutual security deals with Finland and Sweden

The UK has agreed mutual security pacts with Sweden and Finland, agreeing to come to their aid should either nation come under attack, BBC reported.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson visited both countries to sign the deals, amid debate about them joining Nato.

The pacts also state that Finland and Sweden would assist the UK in a crisis.

Mr Johnson and Swedish PM Magdalena Andersson said co-operation was “even more important” given Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The second deal was announced in a joint press conference with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö.

Mr Johnson said the “solemn declaration” between the UK and Finland was reflective of the “extreme difficulty of the times we are in”.

He emphasised the deal was “not a short-term stop gap” while Finland considered whether to join the Nato defensive alliance, but rather a “enduring assurance between two nations”.

Asked if there would be “British boots on the ground” in Finland should a conflict break out, Mr Johnson said military assistance would be offered, but that the “nature of that assistance” would depend upon the “request of the other party”.

Mr Johnson added the agreement would become the “foundation of an intensification of our security and our defence relationship in other ways as well”.

Mr Niinistö said his nation appreciated the UK’s “strong support” of Nato’s open-door policy to Finland’s potential membership.

He said joining Nato would not be “against anybody” and the UK deal was intended to “maximise our security one way or another” while considering joining the defensive alliance.

However, when asked if the possible move could provoke President Vladimir Putin, Mr Niinistö said Russia would be responsible if Sweden or Finland joined Nato.

He said Russia was suggesting the two nations did not have their “own will” by threatening them against applying for membership.

“They are ready to attack their neighbouring country, so… my response would be that ‘you caused this – look at the mirror'”.

Speaking earlier in Sweden Mr Johnson said: “If Sweden were attacked and looked to us for help and support, then we would provide it.”

Asked by the BBC to spell out exactly what the UK would do if Russia attacked Sweden, Mr Johnson said the deal meant that “upon request from the other party, we would come to the other party’s assistance”.

Ms Andersson argued her country would be safer as a result of the mutual assistance agreement with the UK, adding: “Of course this means something. This is important whatever policy choice we make in Sweden.”

She also explained the country was “exploring all possible options and Nato is one of them that is on the table”.

Finland says applying to join Nato is all about defence. But Vladimir Putin doesn’t see it that way. He’s always viewed Nato’s eastern expansion as a threat.

Finland shares an 800 mile (1300km) long border with Russia, bringing the alliance’s military might that much closer Moscow.

Finnish and Swedish membership will make Nato more robust too – boosting its eastern flank and presence in the Baltic Sea. And the Kremlin has threatened retaliation.


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