20-fold increase of rape cases in 25 years in Nepal

KATHMANDU: The incidents of murder and murder after rape have increased drastically in the recent times. According to statistics, 17 women were murdered after rape in the past four years. Nepal Police spokesperson SP Basanta Bahadur Kunwar said that more cases of murder after rape are being reported to police in Province 1. He further said that five women were killed after they were raped in the past four years.

Similarly, the data shows that four women in Province 2, four in Far-West, two in Gandaki and two in Bagmati were raped and murdered in the same period. 11 women were murdered after being rape in the Fiscal Year 2075/76 which was the highest in the past four years.

17,000 rape cases, 5,000 attempted rape cases reported in the past 25 years

Nepal Police headquarters said that 17,000 cases of rape and 5,000 attempted cases were reported to the police in the past 25 years.

According to statistics, 16,986 cases of rape and 5,000 cases of attempted rape were reported to the police from the Fiscal Year 2053/54 to Fiscal Year 2077/78.

The statistics shows that the cases of rape have been increasing every year. Women, Children and Senior Citizen Service Center of Nepal Police said that the rape cases have increased by 20 fold in the past 25 years.

Spokesperson Kunwar said, “Only 112 cases of rape and 34 cases of attempted rape were reported in the country 25 years ago.” He further said that 2,144 cases of rape and 687 cases of attempted rape were reported in the previous Fiscal Year 2076/077.

Police attribute the increase in rape cases to more victims coming forward to lodge complaint against rape.

Police said that 2,230 cases of rape and 786 cases of attempted rape were reported to them in the current fiscal year. Of them, 544 cases of rape and 237 cases of attempted rape were reported in Province 1 which is the highest among all the provinces.

Rape and attempted rape case in the past four years

Fiscal Year Rape Attempted rape
1 2053/054 112 34
2 2054/055 181 34
3 2055/056 141 18
4 2056/057 186 33
5 2057/058 122 35
6 2058/059 129 21
7 2059/060 157 18
8 2060/061 154 19
9 2061/062 188 25
10 2062/063 195 38
11 2063/064 317 70
12 2064/065 309 73
13 2065/066 391 75
14 2066/067 376 101
15 2067/068 481 151
16 2068/069 555 156
17 2069/070 677 245
18 2070/071 912 414
19 2071/072 981 562
20 2072/073 1089 452
21 2073/074 1131 536
22 2074/075 1480 728
23 2075/076 2230 786
24 2076/077 2144 687
25 2077/078 2321 666
Total 16986 5877

 

The aforementioned table shows that the incidents of rape were reported more in the Fiscal Year 2075/076 in the past 25 years.

 

Incidents of rape and attempted rape in the past four years in provinces

Province 2074/075 2075/076 2076/077 2077/078 Total

Rape/Attempted rape

Rape/ Attempted Rape Rape/Attempted rape Rape/ Attempted rape Rape/ Attempted rape
1 Province 1 384/186 544/237 485/160 557/151 1970/743
2 Province 2 175/105 300/103 288/96 339/107 1102/411
3 Bagmati 191/98 230/58 256/86 271/80 948/322
4 Gandaki 119/60 181/79 161/62 190/54 651/255
5 Lumbini 270/131 369/127 384/99 399/116 1422/473
6 Karnali 59/33 140/45 139/57 143/43 481/178
7 Far-West 93/51 170/76 200/67 213/82 676/276
8 Kathmandu Valley 188/63 296/61 266/52 209/33 959/209
9 Bureau 1/0 0/0 1/0 0/0 2/0
Total 1480 2230 2144/687 2321/666 8211/2867

Sources, Women, Children and Senior Citizen Service Center of Nepal

 Rape cases spike during lockdown

Police said that 4,448 cases of four types of violence against women were reported in the three months of first Covid-19 lockdown. A total of 717 that means 16 percent of rape cases were reported to the police. Of them, 169 cases of rape were reported in Province 1, 98 in Province 2, 86 in Bagmati, 53 in Gandaki, 123 in Lumbini, 45 in Karnali, 79 in Far-West and 64 in Kathmandu Valley.

According to the statistics of police, 199 cases of attempted rape were reported in all the seven provinces. Of them, 53 cases were reported in Province 1, 20 in Province 2, 25 in Bagmati, 15 in Gandaki, 34 in Lumbini, 14 in Karnali, 25 in Far-West and 13 in Kathmandu Valley.

Manoj Kumar Acharya, Secretary at the National Women Commission, said that the Commission has been investigating the rapes cases seriously.

Meanwhile, the Criminal (Code) Bill, 2074 (2017) criminalises rape under Chapter 18, article 219 which states that no one is allowed to commit rape.

The Bill states that if a person rapes a woman without her consent or any girl under 18 years of age with or without her consent by using force or showing threat shall be considered a rape.

If a person rapes a girl above 10 years of age and under 14 years of age, he shall be sentenced to 18 to 20 years in jail.

Similarly, if a person rapes a girl above 14 years of age and under 16 years of age, he shall be sentenced to 12 to 14 years in jail. Likewise, if a person rapes a woman above 16 years of age and under 18 years of age, he shall be sentenced to 10 to 12 years in jail and will be fined Rs 400,000.

The Bill further states that if a person rapes a women of age 18 or above the 18 years of age, he will be sentenced to 10 years in jail and will be slapped with a fine of Rs 200,000.

In addition to that, if a husband rapes a wife, he shall be sentenced to five years in jail. In case, if a person infected with HIV/AIDS or STD rapes any girl or woman with knowledge of the disease, such a person will be sentenced to more than five years.

If a person rapes a differently girl or woman, he will be sentenced to life in prison.

 

 

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